ಕನ್ನಡ ಕಲಿಯಿರಿ : LESSON-11

STRESS, INTONATION AND EMPHASIS

11.1. STRESS

Syllabic Stress is an intrinsic linguistic feature of the English language. In Kannada, there can be words with syllables (ಅಕ್ಷರಗಳು) up to ten or more. Still, the whole word is uttered in monotone, without stress. For example, the native English speaker cannot utter the word ‘democracy’ without a stress on the second syllable ‘mo’. The Kannada speaker, unless ‘English trained’, utters the word as  ಡಿಮೋಕ್ರಸಿ (democracy) without stress. The word for ‘democracy’ in Kannada is ‘ಪ್ರಜಾಧಿಪತ್ಯ. An Englishman will find it very difficult to utter the word without stress. He will place two stresses, one on the third syllble ‘ಧಿ (primary stress) and the other on the first syllable ‘ಪ್ರ (secondary stress) . Non-English speakers may note that the primary stress is the one heard more prominently in a word.

Of course, monosyllabic words (pin, ten, when, tell, beg etc.) do not have stress. Disyllabic words (pity, silly, tidy, ready, honey etc) have stress on the first syllable. So the Englishman finds it difficult to utter disyllabic Kannada words such as ಮರ, ದನ, ರವಿ, ಸರಿ, ಬಿಡಿ, ಕೊಡಿ etc. stresslessly. There are thousands of monosyllabic words in English. In Kannada, there are probably not more than five or six. For example, ಆ (that) , ಈ (this) , ಹೂ (flower) , ಬಾ (come) , ತಾ (bring) . So a British, American or Australian learner of Kannada must be prepared to speak Kannada without Stress!

 

11. 2. INTONATION

What is called intonation, the rise and fall of voice in a sentence, is a common feature in all languages. It is in intonation that a language sounds how it is, and how it sounds different from another language. Colloquially, the intonation of Kannada varies from region to region in the state of Karnataka. It is almost uniform among the educated speakers. The British, American or Australian learner of Kannada does not have to bother about intonation in Kannada, because there are already a variety of them, and hence, his might also be accepted as one.

 

11.3. EMPHASIS

Emphasis is a feature that is almost the same in all languages. Emphasis is used to convey a particular meaning through a sentence in speech.

Examples:

(Note that the word empahsized is italicised. What the speaker probably means is given in brackets)

ನಾನು ನಾಳೆ ಹೊಳೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಈಜಲು ಹೋಗುತ್ತೇನೆ.
I am going to swim in the river tomorrow. (not to fish)

ನಾನು ನಾಳೆ ಹೊಳೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಈಜಲು ಹೋಗುತ್ತೇನೆ.
I am going to swim in the river tomorrow. (not in a swimming pool)

ನಾನು ನಾಳೆ ಹೊಳೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಈಜಲು ಹೋಗುತ್ತೇನೆ.
I am going to swim in the river tomorrow. (not today)

ಪುಸ್ತಕ:
ಲೇಖಕರು:

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